Is Leasing Right for Me? As with anything in life, there are a long list of pros and cons with automotive leasing that should be fully understood and carefully considered before you sign on the dotted line. Here are a few of the most important ones.
Advantages of Leasing
With a lease your monthly payments will almost always be lower than a conventional loan because you are paying for only a portion of the car’s full value over the lease period. This gives you the option of driving a nicer car for the same monthly cost.
In tough times manufacturers may offer very attractive terms such as below market interest rates and artificially high residuals that both have the effect of lowering the monthly payment.
Lower Up-front Costs
Unless you decide to make a large cap reduction payment, initial costs for most leases will be limited to a refundable security deposit (typically one monthly payment rounded up to the nearest $25), sales tax depending on your state, title and registration fees, environmental fees (i.e., battery and tire disposal fees), and finally, your first monthly payment. As a result, leasing ties up less of your capital, freeing cash up for more lucrative investments.
With the tax reform act of 1989 phasing out deductions for interest on car loans, leasing may now compare more favorably against conventional financing from a tax standpoint. Although most individuals will not save taxes with a lease, some businesses may enjoy certain advantages with leasing. Consult your tax advisor for more information.
Most states tax leases by taxing the monthly payment stream and any cash down payment (cap reduction). This works out to quite a bit less than paying sales tax on the full price of the vehicle as required in a purchase.
At the end of the lease you simply turn the car back in to the dealer and walk away. You won’t have the effort and expense of selling the car or haggling over its trade-in value. If you decide to buy the car at the end of the lease you know about how much it will cost (no more than the residual value).
Disadvantages of Leasing
The terms for early termination of most leases can be very unpleasant for the consumer, particularly if the termination is forced, i.e., the car is totaled in an accident or stolen. In such cases, insurance pay-outs often fall far short of the balance due on the lease leaving you holding the bag. Many leasing companies will offer “gap insurance” for only a few dollars a month extra which is a wise investment.
There is a very good reason why it is so expensive to get out of a lease. Consider that your monthly payment is made up of two parts: depreciation and interest. The depreciation part of the payment is calculated by taking the difference between the cap cost and the residual (the total depreciation over the lease) and dividing it by the number of months. In effect, you are paying off the depreciation with equal payments each month. Graphically, the depreciation is being paid “in a straight line”
Higher Credit Requirements
Since the expensive car you will be driving for the next 2-5 years belongs to someone else (the leasing company), the owners want to be assured that you will make the payments on time and will not trash their car. Therefore, the credit worthiness standards tend to be higher for leases than conventional loans. In other words, if you have a troubled credit history you may have problems getting approved for a lease.
Almost all leases limit the number of miles per year by imposing fees typically 10 to 15 cents per mile over 15,000 miles per year. If you put a lot of miles on a car, these fees can add up quickly.
Technically, when you lease a car, you are renting it. The leasing company retains ownership of the car and you pay for the privilege of driving (and maintaining) it. For many who have “owned” cars all their lives, this may be a psychological barrier.